What is a systematic review?

“A systematic review attempts to collate all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria in order to answer a specific research question.  It uses explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view to minimizing bias, thus providing more reliable findings from which conclusions can be drawn and decisions made (Antman 1992, Oxman 1993).” Retrieved from http://handbook-5-1.cochrane.org/.

Resources to help you with your systematic review

 

Systematic review support 

Tier 1 – Assistance
Tier 2 – Acknowledgement on publication
Tier 3 – Co-investigator/Co-authorship
(Note: Which tier service is available fluctuates according to librarians’ workloads).

 

Checklist to apply for librarian involvement

Enrol in Research / Library Master Class : Undertaking a systematic review 

 

 

Tier 1 – Assistance

A Tier 1 service is suitable for NSLHD staff undertaking a systematic review for a university assignment, college project or PhD.

  1. Researchers attend Research & Library Master Class: Undertaking a systematic review
  2. Librarian will complete a scoping search (spending up to 1 hour searching only the major databases)
  3. We suggest you attend the following classes, as appropriate for your experience. Enrol via My Health Learning.
    1. Library Master Class : Searching the medical literature or searching the nursing & allied health literature
    2. Library Master Class: Referencing using Endnote (Endnote is the preferred citation management software in the NSLHD. However, your university may prefer different software).
    3. Research Master Class : Critiquing the evidence
    4. Research Master Class : Endnote & Creating Professional Documents in Word
    5. Clinical Researcher Development Program
  4. Researchers get support from university/college librarian regarding appropriate databases and grey literature resources to search, and designing the search strategy.

 

Tier 2 – Acknowledgement on publication

  1. Researchers attend Research & Library Master Class: Undertaking a systematic review
  2. Librarian will complete a scoping search (spending up to 1 hour searching only the major databases)
  3. We suggest you attend the following classes, as appropriate for your experience. Enrol via My Health Learning.
    1. Library Master Class : Searching the medical literature or searching the nursing & allied health literature
    2. Library Master Class: Referencing using Endnote
    3. Research Master Class : Critiquing the evidence
    4. Research Master Class : Endnote & Creating Professional Documents in Word
    5. Clinical Researcher Development Program
  4. Researchers write protocol (as per PRISMA-P checklist)
  5. Librarian spends up to 2 hours with researchers/subject expert to discuss appropriate databases and grey literature resources to search, and to gather search terms
  6. Librarian designs search strategies for databases (spending up to 20 hours)
  7. Researchers test search strategies
  8. Librarian revises search strategies for databases (spending up to 10 hours)
  9. Librarian provides database search strategy
  10. Researchers register protocol on PROSPERO
  11. Researchers run searches, export, deduplicate and do grey literature searching.
  12. Researchers undertake scanning of titles/abstracts
  13. Library facilitates provision of full-text articles
  14. Researchers undertake eligibility assessment of full text articles, critical appraisal, data extraction, narrative synthesis, meta-analysis (where appropriate), write and publish systematic review.
  15. As per the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors definitions, the librarian gets official acknowledgement on the publication for their contribution. 

 

Tier 3 –  Co-investigator / co-authorship

  1. Researchers attend Research & Library Master Class Research & Library Master Class : Undertaking a systematic review
  2. Librarian will complete a scoping search (spending up to 1 hour searching only the major databases)
  3. We suggest you attend the following classes, as appropriate for your experience. Enrol via My Health Learning.
    1. Library Master Class : Searching the medical literature or searching the nursing & allied health literature
    2. Library Master Class: Referencing using Endnote
    3. Research Master Class : Critiquing the evidence
    4. Research Master Class : Endnote & Creating Professional Documents in Word
    5. Clinical Researcher Development Program
  4. Co-authors write the protocol (as per PRISMA-P checklist)
  5. Librarian spends up to 2 hours with co-authors /subject experts to discuss appropriate databases and grey literature resources to search, and to gather search terms
  6. Librarian designs and tests search strategies for databases available through the hospital subscriptions (spending up to 30 hours)
  7. Librarian works with co-authors to design search strategies for databases only available for conjoint uni positions.
  8. Librarian writes two sections of the protocol : Information sources and Search strategy (as per PRISMA-P checklist)
  9. Co-authors register protocol on PROSPERO
  10. Librarian runs database searches for the databases available through the hospital subscriptions. Exports to Endnote, provides PRISMA numbers
  11. Co-authors run database searches for any databases which are only available for conjoint uni positions. Exports to Endnote, provides PRISMA numbers
  12. Co-authors deduplicate Endnote library. Provide PRISMA numbers.
  13. Co-authors search the grey literature sources. Provide PRISMA numbers
  14. Co-authors undertake scanning of titles/abstracts
  15. Library facilitates provision of full-text articles
  16. Co-authors undertake eligibility assessment of full text articles
  17. Co-authors hand search reference lists of included articles
  18. Co-authors undertake critical appraisal, data extraction, narrative synthesis, and meta-analysis (where appropriate)
  19. Librarian writes searching section of methods for final paper
  20. Librarian writes search strategies appendix for final paper
  21. Librarian, along with all co-authors, gives approval of the version to be published, as per the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors definitions
  22. Librarian agrees to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved, as per the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors definitions

 

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